Site of a necropolis dating to the 6th century BC which was later covered by the upper (or state) agora.

Lonely Planet's must-see attractions

Nearby Ephesus attractions

1. Upper Gate (Magnesian Gate)

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This is the more popular entry point of Ephesus' two entrances. It was erected under Emperor Vespasian in the 1st century AD.

2. Upper Agora

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This large square measuring 58m by 170m, and used for legislation and local political talk, was flanked by grand columns and filled with polished marble…

3. Baths of Varius

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Baths were situated at the main entrances to ancient cities so that visitors could be disinfected and wash before entering. These 2nd-century ones stand…

4. Temple of Isis

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Objects discovered in this small temple in the Upper Agora suggested that it was dedicated to the Egyptian goddess Isis.

5. Odeon

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Built around AD 150, this once-lavish 1400-seat theatre boasts marble seats with lions' paws and other carved ornamentation. It was used primarily for…

6. Tomb of St Luke

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It is thought that the ruins of the small circular building south of the Baths of Varius, which was once a church, contain the tomb of the evangelist, St…

7. Temple of Hestia

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The Prytaneum hosted this shrine, where the city's eternal flame was tended by vestal virgins, and was fronted by a giant statue of Artemis, now in the…

8. Prytaneum

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Two of six original Doric columns mark the entrance to the ruined Prytaneum, one of the most important civic structures in Ephesus. Within and dedicated…