Must-see attractions in Silesia

  • Bison Show Farm

    Silesia

    The European bison, the continent's largest mammal, grazes contentedly on this 10-hectare 'farm' on the western edge of Pszczyna's great belt of parkland…

  • Parish Church

    Sudetes Mountains

    This church, southwest of the Rynek and dedicated to Our Lady of the Assumption, is the most imposing religious building in town. It took almost 150 years…

  • Rynek

    Silesia

    Pszczyna's elongated, leafy market square is lined with old burghers’ houses dating mostly from the 18th and 19th centuries. On its northern side is the…

  • Auschwitz Jewish Center

    Oświęcim

    In the centre of Oświęcim, this museum commemorates the Jewish community that flourished here from the 16th century until WWII. On one side is the…

  • Cathedral of St John the Baptist

    Wrocław

    The centrepiece of Cathedral Island, this three-aisled Gothic basilica was built between 1244 and 1590. Seriously damaged during WWII, it was later…

  • Kłodzko Regional Museum

    Sudetes Mountains

    Kłodzko's museum, 50m west of the parish church, has displays relating to the 1000-year history of the town and the region, plus a collection of…

  • Church of St Elizabeth

    Wrocław

    This 14th-century Gothic basilica has a triple nave reaching to 30m and is lined by medieval chapels. It's one of Wrocław's most imposing churches, with a…

  • Opole Silesian Museum

    Silesia

    Two blocks east of the market square, this museum is housed in a former Jesuit college dating to 1698, with the more recent addition of a glass-and…

  • Rynek

    Sudetes Mountains

    The elongated market square, also called Plac Ratuszowy, is lined with a harmonious group of 17th- and 18th-century houses. Much of their charm is due to…

  • Pszczyna Farm Village

    Silesia

    A five-minute walk east of Pszczyna's central square is this small but interesting open-air museum, with half a dozen historical timber structures dating…

  • Archaeological Museum

    Wrocław

    Housed alongside the Military Museum in Wrocław's squat 15th-century Arsenal, the Archaeological Museum concentrates on human material culture in Silesia…

  • Church of St Giles

    Wrocław

    In contrast to the enormous neighbouring Cathedral of St John the Baptist, the austere, brick-built Romanesque Church of St Giles seems barely a cupboard…

  • White Stork Synagogue

    Wrocław

    The restored White Stork Synagogue, built in exemplary classical style in 1829, is a reminder that this city was once home to more than 20,000 Jews…

  • Spodek

    Katowice

    Built of reinforced concrete between 1964 and 1971, Spodek – which means 'saucer' – really does look like a UFO has landed just north of central Katowice…

  • St John's Bridge

    Sudetes Mountains

    Southeast of the Rynek, this Gothic stone bridge, built somewhere between 1281 and 1390, spans the narrow Młynówka River. With half a dozen baroque…

  • Palm House

    Lower Silesia

    Located within the handsome Wine Park (Park Winny), this building is an extravagant home to various species of palms, plus cacti, and fish in aquariums. A…

  • Ethnographic Museum

    Lower Silesia

    This skansen (outdoor ethnographic museum) brings together more than 60 traditional buildings from regions and cultures surrounding Zielona Góra. They've…

  • Spa Park

    Sudetes Mountains

    This lovely wooded park makes up much of Cieplice Śląskie-Zdrój's core. It houses lovely fin-de-siècle pavilions and buildings, including the domed Spa…

  • Church of SS Peter and Paul

    Silesia

    Built between 1720 and 1727 for the Order of the Holy Sepulchre, this church has one of Silesia’s best baroque interiors, complete with elaborate stucco…

  • Natural History Museum

    Sudetes Mountains

    This diverting museum, established in 1876, features a display of birds and butterflies from all over the world.

  • Archdiocesan Museum

    Katowice

    Spread over two floors, this museum showcases sacral art from the late 14th century to the present day, including some beautiful Gothic altarpieces. Entry…

  • Abbey Church

    Wrocław

    In Trzebnica, 25km north of Wrocław, this abbey church is thought to be one of the first brick buildings erected in Poland. Though rebuilt in the 18th…

  • Rynek

    Silesia

    Diverse architecture within Nysa's vast market square suggests the extent of damage done in WWII. Only the southern side retains anything akin to its…

  • Phillumenistic Museum

    Sudetes Mountains

    East of the Rynek, the Knights' Tower (Baszta Rycerska) was reshaped in the 19th century and turned into the belfry of the Protestant church that had been…

  • Military Museum

    Wrocław

    Appropriately housed within the squat brick Arsenal, this collection of militaria includes four rooms with exhibits from the 17th to the 20th centuries; a…

  • Town Hall

    Lower Silesia

    This yellow building dates from the 1710s, though its white tower was built in 2012. The original tower collapsed in 1967; it took over four decades to…

  • Old Jewish Cemetery

    Wrocław

    The Old Jewish Cemetery, founded in 1856, contains more than 12,000 headstones over two hectares; some bear the scars of rearguard actions fought here by…

  • Piast Tower

    Silesia

    The only vestige of the doughty castle that once housed Opole's dukes is this tilting 33m-high watchtower, with walls 3m thick and foundations 6m deep…

  • Karkonosze Museum

    Sudetes Mountains

    Karkonosze Museum, 650m south of the Rynek, is renowned for its extensive collection of glass dating from medieval times to the present – the art nouveau…

  • Arsenal

    Wrocław

    Just outside the ring road encircling the Old Town, the squat brick Arsenal houses the Military Museum and the Archaeological Museum. With two towers and…

  • St Hedwig's Bastion

    Silesia

    The restored 17th-century St Hedwig’s Bastion once housed a Prussian garrison and French prisoners during the Franco-Prussian war of 1870. Beneath the…

  • Rynek

    Sudetes Mountains

    Below the town's fortress is the market square, officially titled Plac Bolesława Chrobrego. Several pastel-coloured houses on its southern side have…

  • Toszek Castle

    Katowice

    This impressive Gothic castle was first mentioned in surviving records in 1222, although some experts believe it's originally from the 12th century…

  • Gas Industry Museum

    Silesia

    Despite its utilitarian name this museum, set within an old red-brick gasworks just a short walk north of the Rynek, is really quite interesting. The…

  • Rynek

    Sudetes Mountains

    The buildings lining the Rynek, officially known as Plac Wolności, are a pleasing blend of architectural styles. The octagonal Renaissance tower (1567) of…

  • Parish Church of St Michael the Archangel

    Sudetes Mountains

    This Gothic place of worship sits at the highest point of the Old Town, as befits a building that's been here in various manifestations since the 13th…

  • Old Trades Museum

    Lower Silesia

    Housed in Świdnica's town hall, this institution contains reconstructions of an old tavern – Świdnica was always famous for its beer – along with a…

  • Cloud Scraper

    Katowice

    This blocky, 14-storey, 60m-high apartment building was Poland’s tallest building from 1934 until 1955. Considered the purest example of functionalism in…

  • National Stallion Depot

    Lower Silesia

    A five-minute walk east of Książ Castle is the National Stallion Depot, housed in what were once the castle's stables. It offers 45-minute horse riding…