Remaining section of Kraków's medieval defensive wall

©Filip Stańczyk/Lonely Planet

City Defence Walls


This small museum includes entry to both the Florian Gate and Barbican, among the few surviving remnants of the city's medieval defence walls. The Florian Gate was once the city's main entrance and dates from the 14th century. The Barbican, a circular bastion adorned with seven turrets, was built at the end of the 15th century to lend additional protection. It was once connected to the gate by a narrow passage running over a moat.

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Nearby Kraków attractions

1. Florian Gate

0.04 MILES

This attractive stone gateway is the only one of the city’s original eight gates that was not dismantled during the 19th-century modernisation. It was…

2. Barbican

0.05 MILES

The most intriguing remnant of Kraków's medieval fortifications, the Barbican is a powerful, circular bastion adorned with seven turrets. There are 130…

3. Planty Park


Tracing the path of the medieval city's moat, wrapping around the Old Town from Wawel Castle, the Planty Park is an everyday piece of people's lives in…

4. Grunwald Monument


This imposing monument celebrates the epic 1410 Battle of Grunwald, when a joint army of Poles and Lithuanians defeated the Teutonic Knights. This statue…

5. Czartoryski Museum


The Czartoryski boasts the city's richest art collection, including Leonardo Da Vinci's 15th-century masterpiece, Lady with an Ermine (1489–90). Other…

6. Museum of Pharmacy

0.13 MILES

The name of this museum doesn’t sound that exciting, but the Jagiellonian University Medical School’s Museum of Pharmacy is one of the largest museums of…

7. St Florian’s Church


This 12th-century church’s location was chosen by the oxen that carried the remains of St Florian from Rome. When the beasts would go no further, it was…

8. Hipolit House

0.22 MILES

Next to St Mary’s Basilica, this branch of the Kraków City History Museum contains faithful recreations of townhouse interiors from the 17th to early 19th…