It may be hard to imagine now, but during the Renaissance this mountain village combining Pano and Kato Lefkara was one of the island's largest and most influential towns, with an affluent population of nearly 5000. Surrounded by a steep valley of pines and wild carob trees, Lefkara has been famous since medieval times for its exquisite lace produced by village women, and for fine silverwork, incorporating lacing techniques, produced by its smiths. This craft industry boomed right up to the 1930s when the bottom fell out of the market and people emigrated en masse for work.
Today Lefkara may be a shadow of its former self but the narrow cobbled streets are still lined with fine Venetian-style merchant houses and, thanks to tourism, the lace-making and silverwork traditions continue. After some lace shopping, it's an atmospheric place to ramble, with hidden courtyards, dead-end alleys and finely carved traditional doorways to explore.