Victoria may be perfectly suited to a good old fashioned road trip, but visitors to Melbourne without their own set of wheels don't have to miss out on seeing the best of what this great Australian state has to offer.
Melbourne's excellent public transport connections mean travelers based in the city can hop on a train or bus to swap the buzz of busy streets for forest walking trails, spa towns and stream train rides – all without worrying about finding a parking space. Here's our guide to the best day trips from Melbourne.
Go for a picnic at Hanging Rock
Travel time: one hour
North of the city of Melbourne and a sacred site for the Wurundjeri people, the traditional custodians of the land here, enigmatic Hanging Rock rises dramatically from the plains around it – the result of a volcanic eruption which created a multi-headed mound of lava.
Hanging Rock was made famous by Joan Lindsay’s novel describing the mysterious disappearances of Victorian-era schoolgirls on Valentine’s Day 1900. Picnic at Hanging Rock was later turned into a film by Australian director Peter Weir, and more recently a TV series starring Natalie Dormer and Yael Stone.
Hanging Rock also makes for an excellent day trip from Melbourne: it’s the perfect place for, well, a picnic. The Discovery Centre will fill you in on the area’s history and geology. After browsing its displays, climb the path to the top of the rock. For refreshments afterwards, grab a snack or a beer at the popular Holgate Brewhouse in Woodend on the journey back.
How to get to Hanging Rock without a car
Hanging Rock is located to the northwest of Melbourne. Trains run to Woodend from Southern Cross Station in central Melbourne. From Woodend it’s an 8km (5 mile) walk or cycle (BYO bike), or a 10-minute cab ride to Hanging Rock Reserve.
Cycle or walk the Warburton Rail Trail
Travel time: one hour
At its height, Victoria’s passenger train network stretched into every nook and cranny of the state. Sadly, that reach has long since gone, but over the last decade or so many of the former rail corridors have been transformed into "rail trails": walking and cycling paths which cut through beautiful scenery and join up towns. The resulting trails are easy to walk or cycle making them an accessible family-friendly day out.
The easiest rail trail to access from Melbourne is the Lilydale to Warburton Rail Trail. Stretching from Melbourne’s eastern edge into the Upper Yarra Valley, it’s a delightful 38km (24 mile) route that winds past farmland, native forests, the Yarra River and several small towns, with plenty of food options and charming old-fashioned pubs. Bring your own snacks and water for the main trail walk!
How to get to the Warburton Rail Trail without a car
The trail starts in Lilydale on the eastern edge of Melbourne. Trains run to Lilydale from the centre of the city. Bus 683 from Lilydale to Warburton mostly follows the trail, meaning you can hike a smaller section of the route and hop on the bus back to the start if you get tired.
Go off-roading on French Island
Travel time: two hours
French Island lies just beyond Melbourne’s southeastern suburbs, in the centre of Western Port Bay. Named by a French exploring expedition in 1802, it has maintained an air of mystery to mainlanders.
The local population and farming activities have waxed and waned over the centuries, and nowadays the islanders live largely ‘off the grid’. Considering that 70% of the island is a national park, and there’s no bridge from the mainland and no local transport services, it’s been difficult for a visitor to get to grips with its history and landscapes.
Today, however, Naturaliste Tours does a regular tour of the island, with members riding aboard a chunky ex-mining vehicle which can handle the rough tracks that drive into its interior. Highlights include a visit to the Pobblebonk Swamp with its resident frogs, a drive through an abandoned chicory farm with its eerie deserted buildings and koala-spotting among the trees on the island, with the tour culminating in a visit to the French Island General Store, the island’s only shop. Lunches, bike hire and accommodation are also available here.
How to get to French Island without a car
French Island is located southeast of Melbourne. To reach it, catch a suburban train to Frankston, then change to a V/Line train to Stony Point. From here the French Island ferry sails at approximately two-hour intervals.
Step back in time at Sovereign Hill in Ballarat
Travel time: one hour, 25 minutes
The regional city of Ballarat was the epicentre of the Gold Rush of the 1850s – one of the greatest the world has ever seen. Over the following decades, the rough-and-tumble miners’ town grew into a graceful city, with plenty of frontier excitement along the way.
Those heady days are relived at Sovereign Hill, a historical village constructed around a former gold mine in the city’s suburbs. It’s an impressive place, with the streets lined by painstakingly researched replicas of buildings from the Gold Rush era, from pubs to Chinese temples. Many of these demonstrate crafts and trades of that period. There are several places to eat on site, from the Hope Bakery to the dining room of the United States Hotel.
Family-friendly activities include gold panning, horse-and-carriage rides and a tour within an old mine shaft. To add to the fun, costumed actors regularly stage entertaining (and historically correct) performances throughout the site. If you have time, other local attractions worth a visit in the region are the Ballarat Wildlife Park and the acclaimed Art Gallery of Ballarat.
How to get to Ballarat without a car
Ballarat is situated to the west of Melbourne. Trains run direct from Southern Cross Station in central Melbourne to Ballarat Station.
Soak in mineral springs in Daylesford & Hepburn Springs
Travel time: two hours
Marketed as the "spa centre of Victoria", these conjoined towns are hugely popular as a weekend getaway for Melburnians. Set among the scenic hills, lakes and forests of Central Highlands, it's a fabulous year-round destination where you can soak away your troubles in warm, mineral-rich waters and dine in some of regional Victoria's best eateries. The local population is an interesting blend of New Agers, urbanites and down-to-earth farmers and there’s a thriving gay and lesbian scene here.
The health-giving properties of the area’s mineral springs were first claimed in the 1870s, attracting droves of fashionable Melburnians. The well-preserved and restored buildings show the prosperity of these towns, as well as the lasting influence of the many Swiss-Italian miners who came to work the tunnel mines in the surrounding hills. Aside from the various springs and bathhouses, there are also picnic spots, BBQ areas, children's playgrounds and walking trails to enjoy.
How to get to Daylesford without a car
The quickest way to get to Daylesford is to catch a train from Southern Cross Station in central Melbourne to Woodend, then hop on a bus to Daylesford.
Tour the Dandenongs on the historic Puffing Billy steam train
Travel time: one hour
Taking a train to take a train ride sounds like a strange way to spend a day, but then Puffing Billy is no ordinary train. Holding fond memories for many Melburnians, the Puffing Billy is an iconic restored steam train that toots its way through the Dandenong mountain range from Belgrave to Emerald Lake Park and Gembrook on a five-hour return trip.
It's possible to hop-on and hop-off en route to enjoy a picnic or walk. It's a great day out for younger travellers and train enthusiasts especially. A diesel locomotive replaces the steam engine on total-fire-ban days (these are days in Victoria when the heat is extreme and fires are not allowed to be lit anywhere).
How to get to Puffing Billy Railway without a car
The Puffing Billy Railway is located to the east of the city. The easiest way to reach it is by train from Parliament station in central Melbourne to Belgrave station.