Jewish Pogrom Memorial

Memorial in Kielce

A small plaque signed by former president Lech Wałęsa identifies the site of a tragic post-WWII pogrom in 1946 committed by Poles against Jews who had survived the Holocaust. The origins of the pogrom are unclear – some believe it was instigated by communist authorities to discredit nationalist Poles – but the violence ended with around 40 Jewish deaths. Inside there's a small but moving photo exhibition of Jewish life in Poland in the run-up to WWII.

Nine Poles were executed for taking part in the killings. The pogrom is often cited as the reason so few surviving Jews decided to remain in Poland after the war.