Panama is developing a new sustainable tourism circuit that, once approved, will celebrate the unique cultural and natural heritages of its Indigenous peoples. 

Panama Indígena, or Indigenous Panama, will shine a light on the country’s pre-Columbian cultures as well as its seven living Indigenous peoples – Bribrí, Naso Tjerdi, Ngäbé, Buglé, Guna, Wounaan and Emberá – emphasizing sustainability along with elements like dance, music, handicrafts, traditional medicine, gastronomy, ecological hiking, and site museums. Developed by the Panama Tourism Authority in conjunction with the National Chamber of Indigenous Tourism, the proposed circuit is part of an overall strategy to introduce visitors to Panama’s storied history. 

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Beginning with pre-Columbian burial sites and the El Caño archaeological park and encompassing wildlife-watching in the jungles of Darién, raft rides through the Panama Canal Watershed, leatherback-turtle preservation initiatives, visits to cacao farms and coffee plantations, and participation in mangrove reforestation projects, plus birdwatching, waterfall hikes, ethnobotany, basket-weaving, interpretive hiking trails, and the annual Indigenous Ancestral Games, this array of diverse experiences will focus on the ecological riches of the Panama Canal basin and the Caribbean beaches of the archipelago of Guna Yala (San Blas) – all with the buy-in of the communities involved. 

Canastas Emberas en Chunga, Darien - part of Panama's new tourism circuit
The circuit will emphasize sustainability alongside elements like dance, music, handicrafts, traditional medicine, and gastronomy © Panama Tourism Authority (ATP)

“We believe that the Indigenous Panama tourism circuit can have a great positive impact on the livelihood of our Indigenous peoples, not only because of the attractiveness of their living millenary traditions but also of the pristine nature that they preserve,” Panama’s minister of tourism, Ivan Eskildsen, tells Lonely Planet. “The plan prioritizes communities that, paradoxically, have economic poverty together with a rich natural and cultural heritage; it is a great opportunity for sustainable economic development to leave no one behind.”

Workshops for governance, product development, branding, marketing, and overall strategy are slated to take place in the coming months, and training programs will outline best practices for hospitality and customer service, instruction in languages and storytelling, sustainable procedures for fair trade, waste management, and efficient clean energy, and more. 

“The members of the communities must understand the importance of preserving their traditions, as this will become an additional source of income, but it must remain authentic to be sustainable in the future,” Eskildsen says. “Our goal is to help these communities improve their existing touristic products, always keeping in mind the importance of the preservation of their heritage.” For more information, go to

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