Welcome to Alcoutim
Fortresses above both villages remind visitors of testier times. Phoenicians, Greeks, Romans and Arabs have barricaded themselves in the hills here, and centuries of tension have bubbled across the river, which forms the Algarve’s entire eastern boundary. In the 14th century, Dom Fernando I of Portugal and Don Henrique II of Castile signed a tentative peace treaty in Alcoutim.
Today this remote village is struggling to stay on the map, its population slowly diminishing despite tax incentives for residents. Nevertheless, if you're passing between the Algarve and Alentejo it's worth a quick visit for its riverside beach and fascinating castle and churches.