Welcome to Alcoutim
Strategically positioned along the idyllic Rio Guadiana, Alcoutim (ahl-ko-teeng) is a small village just across the river from the Spanish town of Sanlúcar de Guadiana. What-are-you-looking-at fortresses above both villages remind visitors of testier times. Phoenicians, Greeks, Romans and Arabs have barricaded themselves in the hills here, and centuries of tension have bubbled across the river, which forms the Algarve’s entire eastern boundary. In the 14th century, Dom Fernando I of Portugal and Don Henrique II of Castile signed a tentative peace treaty in Alcoutim. Tragically, today Alcoutim is struggling to stay on the map, its population slowly diminishing. Nevertheless, it's worth a quick visit if you're passing between the Algarve and Alentejo, even if just for the quirky riverside beach and fascinating castle and churches.