The South Cathedral (aka Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception or Nántáng) was the first church to be built in central Běijīng. It was constructed on the site of the house of Jesuit missionary Matteo Ricci, who brought Catholicism to China. Since being completed in 1703, the church has been destroyed three times, including being burnt down in 1775, and endured a trashing by anti-Christian forces during the Boxer Rebellion in 1900.