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Introducing Llŷn Peninsula

Jutting out into the Irish Sea from the mountains of Snowdonia, the Llŷn (pronounced 'khleen' and sometimes spelt 'Lleyn') is a green finger of land, some 25 miles long and averaging 8 miles in width. It's a peaceful and largely undeveloped region with isolated walking and cycling routes, good beaches, a scattering of small fishing villages and 70 miles of wildlife-rich coastline (much of it in the hands of the National Trust, and almost 80% of it designated an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty). Over the centuries the heaviest footfalls have been those of pilgrims on their way to Bardsey Island.

Welsh is the language of everyday life here. Indeed, this is about as Welsh as it gets. The Llŷn Peninsula and Anglesey were the last stops on the Roman and Norman itineraries, and both have maintained a separate identity, the Llŷn especially so. Isolated physically and culturally, it's been an incubator of Welsh activism. It was the birthplace of David Lloyd George, the first Welsh prime minister of the UK, and of Plaid Cymru (the Party of Wales), which was founded in Pwllheli in 1925 and now holds 18% of the seats in the Welsh Assembly.