Introducing Santiago de Compostela
Locals say the arcaded, stone streets of Santiago de Compostela are at their most beautiful in the rain, when the old city glistens. Most would agree, however, that it's hard to catch the Galician capital in a bad pose. Whether you're wandering the medieval streets of the old city, nibbling on tapas in the taverns, or gazing down at the rooftops from atop the cathedral, Santiago seduces.
The faithful believe that Santiago Apóstol (St James the Apostle) preached in Galicia and, after his death in Palestine, was brought back by stone boat and buried here. The tomb was supposedly rediscovered in about 814 by a religious hermit following a guiding star (hence, it's thought, 'Compostela' – from the Latin campus stellae, field of the star). The Asturian king Alfonso II had a church erected above the holy remains, pilgrims began flocking to it and by the 11th century the pilgrimage was becoming a major European phenomenon, bringing a flood of funds into the city. Bishop Gelmírez obtained archbishopric status for Santiago in 1100 and added numerous churches in the 12th century. The following few centuries, however, were marked by squabbling between rival nobles and Santiago gradually slipped into the background.
Only since the 1980s, as capital of the autonomous region of Galicia and a rediscovered tourist and pilgrimage destination, has the city been revitalised. Today an average of 150,000 pilgrims and countless thousands of other visitors make the journey here each year. The biggest numbers hit the city in July and August, but Santiago has a festive atmosphere throughout the warmer half of the year. If you'd like to enjoy the place less than jam-packed, May, June and September are good months to come.
Praza de Galicia marks the boundary between the Old Town and the Ensanche (Extension), the 20th-century shopping and residential area to its south.
Santiago de Compostela destination guides
10 places to travel for a higher cause
Seeking some deeper meaning on your travels? Make your own pilgrimage to some of the world’s great spiritual sites. 1. Source of the Ganges (India) The River Ganges is Hinduism’s holiest river, beginning in the Himalayan peaks of Uttar Pradesh and spilling out into the Bay of Bengal more than 2000km later.
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Discover the picturesque Dordogne region by bike
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Follow an enticing trail of delicious tapas, avant-garde art, architectural triumphs and centuries-old culture on this incredible tour through Spain and Portugal. Travel the scenic route from Madrid to Barcelona, visiting cosmopolitan metropolises, sleepy seaside villages, quaint towns set amid rolling green hills and atmospheric medieval citadels along the way.
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Rest up while you can, dear travellers, because 2010 is going to be an action-packed year! Total eclipse from Easter Island Sunday 11 July (thanks, valemax) will see a total eclipse of the sun, visible from a corridor that traverses the southern Pacific Ocean.