Kamuzu International Airport, 19km north of Lilongwe city centre, handles the majority of international flights. Flights from South Africa, Kenya, Zambia and Tanzania also land in Blantyre at Chileka International Airport. The country’s national carrier is Air Malawi (www.flyairmalawi.com), which operates one internal (Lilongwe to Blantyre) and several regional flights. Ulendo Airlink (www.ulendo.net/flyer), the aviation wing of Ulendo Travel Group, operates safe twin-prop planes to domestic locations including Likoma Island and a number of safari parks.
Air Malawi has a decent regional network, with flights heading to Dar es Salaam, Johannesburg, Nairobi, Lusaka and Harare from Blantyre and Lilongwe.
South African Airways flies twice weekly between Blantyre and Johannesburg, and five times weekly between Lilongwe and Johannesburg (with connections to Durban, Cape Town etc).
Kenya Airways flies four times a week to/from Nairobi and six times a week to/from Lusaka.
Ethiopian Airways flies four times a week from Addis Ababa.
Every form of transport that relies on carbon-based fuel generates CO2, the main cause of human-induced climate change. Modern travel is dependent on aeroplanes, which might use less fuel per kilometre per person than most cars but travel much greater distances. The altitude at which aircraft emit gases (including CO2) and particles also contributes to their climate change impact. Many websites offer ‘carbon calculators’ that allow people to estimate the carbon emissions generated by their journey and, for those who wish to do so, to offset the impact of the greenhouse gases emitted with contributions to portfolios of climate-friendly initiatives throughout the world. Lonely Planet offsets the carbon footprint of all staff and author travel.