Welcome to Gunung Krakatau
The stuff of legends, Krakatau remains one of the world's most well-known volcanoes due to its infamous 19th-century eruption. When it blew its top in 1883 it may have come closer to destroying the planet than any other volcano in recent history. Tens of thousands were killed, either by the resulting tidal wave or by the pyroclastic flows that crossed 40km of ocean to incinerate Sumatran coastal villages. Its explosion was so violent it's still regarded as the loudest noise ever recorded; it was heard as far away as Perth, Australia. Afterwards all that was left was a smouldering caldera where a cluster of uninhabited islands had once been. Perhaps peace had come, thought local villagers. But Krakatau, like all scrappy villains, re-awoke in 1927 and resulting eruptions created a new volcanic cone, since christened Anak Krakatau (Child of Krakatau). More recently on 22 December 2018 disaster struck again, with its eruption causing some 430 deaths from an ensuing tsunami devastating the coastal villages facing the Sunda Strait in both Sumatra and Java. As of early 2019, daily eruptions continued and it was was off limits to tourists.
It’s estimated that Anak Krakatau is growing by around 5m every year.