East Antarctica – as US Antarctic historian Edwin Swift Balch first called it in 1904 – is the name most often used for this remote section of the continent, all in the eastern hemisphere. It’s also called Greater Antarctica because it’s the larger of the two parts of the continent separated by the Transantarctic Mountains. Getting to this extremely isolated part of Antarctica requires a long, often difficult voyage, so it is visited by just one tourist ship (or occasionally two) each year.
The coastline harbors fantastical icebergs and ice shelves as well as sheltering seabirds, penguins and the occasional scientist and research facility. Belgium’s Princess Elisabeth Station is the first zero-emission station in Antarctica, with Korea's Jang Bogo following suit in 2014; Norway’s Troll is a major air-transportation hub.