Mt Matebian (2315m) was the main target of Indonesia's aerial bombing in the late 1970s and the last liberated area to be conquered by the invading forces. Stories abound of the ferociousness of the attacks, with entire families wiped out when the caves they were hiding in collapsed under fire. It's also known as 'Mountain of the Dead' and remains a sacred place where the 'souls of the good' rest. Timor-Leste's newer political parties are sending young recruits up the mountain to commit themselves to the spirits if they are tempted by corruption.
Matebian is topped with a statue of Christ and attracts thousands of pilgrims annually for All Souls Day (2 November).
Climbing here is no day trip: parts are dangerous, it takes a lot of time and you definitely need a local guide. It's closed to most climbers from November to February. If you are determined to climb it, the best bet is starting out from Quelicai and walking 8km to the saddle, bedding down in tents for some rest before setting off to the summit to watch the sunrise.