Palazzo dell'Archiginnasio

Palace in Bologna

Image by Russell Mountford Getty Images

This palace was the seat of the city university from 1563 to 1805. These days its chief attraction is the fascinating 17th-century Teatro Anatomico, a well-preserved anatomical theatre where trainee surgeons once studied. The theatre, and many of the building’s frescoes, was destroyed during WWII and subsequently rebuilt.

In the adjacent wing is Bologna's 700,000-volume Biblioteca Comunale (off-limits to the general public).