Watampone is the capital of the Bone (bone-eh) Regency, a former kingdom and the centre of Bugis political power. Bone was renowned for its fierce presence on the battlefield, and the kingdom long held out against Gowa's conquests of the peninsula. During colonial occupation, Bone was initially an ally of the Dutch, but later became a deadly thorn in their side for nearly a century until the Dutch quashed the rebellion in 1906.
Today, Watampone (often just called Bone) is a small, peaceful town that supplies the nearby farming communities. The only reason most foreigners come here is to go to/from Kolaka in Southeast Sulawesi from the nearby port of Bajoe, or to break up a trip to Tana Toraja.