About 130km northwest of Ahmedabad, Patan was Gujarat’s capital for six centuries before Ahmedabad was founded in 1411. It was ruined by the armies of Ala-ud-Din Khilji around 1300, and today it's a dusty little town with narrow streets, lined, in the oldest quarters, by elaborate wooden houses.
Patan is famed for its beautiful Patola silk textiles, produced by the laborious double-ikat method. Both the warp (lengthways) and weft (transverse) threads are painstakingly tie-dyed to create the pattern before the weaving process begins. It takes about six months to make one sari, which might cost ₹180,000.
The other reason for visiting Patan is for its huge, spectacular step-well, Rani-ki-Vav, easily the most impressive in Gujarat.