Bodernwerder's most famous son is the Baron Hieronymous von Münchhausen (1720–97), one of history’s most shameless liars. He gave his name to a psychological condition – Münchhausen’s syndrome, or compulsive exaggeration of physical illness – and inspired both German author Rudolf Erich Raspe's 'account' of his 'adventures' and Terry Gilliam's cult film The Adventures of Baron Munchausen (1988). It's all perhaps a little unfair, as the real Baron, perhaps given to stretching the truth, wasn't quite the outrageous liar literature and film have made him out to be. But why let the truth get in the way?
In front of the town church of St Nicolai (dated to 1476) is the historical heart of this little town: Münchhausen's former manor house, remnants of fortifications, and the museum. Plenty of fachwerk (half-timbered) houses in the area complete the picture of antiquity.