Must-see attractions in Egypt

  • North Palace

    Northern Nile Valley

    An isolated building on the north of the city and once entered through a monumental gate, this domestic complex contained a central courtyard with rooms…

  • Garden of Freedom & Friendship

    Cairo

    Across Midan Saad Zaghloul from the Andalus Garden, on the southwest side, is the entrance to the grandly named Garden of Freedom and Friendship, much…

  • Tomb of Kitines

    Western Desert

    This sandstone tomb was occupied by Senussi soldiers during WWI and by a village family after that. Nevertheless, some funerary reliefs have survived and…

  • Sheikh Awad

    Sinai

    This spot amid the Sinai's high mountains is home to a sheikh’s tomb and Bedouin settlement. Due to the diverse mountain scenery on the trails leading…

  • Granary

    Red Sea Coast

    Just behind the old police station is the fortress-like facade of the granary. It dates to the early 19th century and was used to store wheat that was…

  • Panorama Reef

    Red Sea Coast

    Panorama Reef is famous for its schooling barracuda, as well as numerous dolphins, eagle rays, grey reef sharks and silvertips, and for its soft and hard…

  • Siyul Kebira

    Hurghada

    The reef’s upper section is home to bannerfish, angelfish and snapper. If the current is strong, you can drift along the wall skirting the edges of huge…

  • St Joseph's Church

    Cairo

    This Florentine-style Roman Catholic church is a major landmark along Sharia Mohammed Farid. It dates from 1909 when Cairo was home to a sizeable Italian…

  • Ras Shaitan

    Nuweiba

    The highlight of this dive 15km north of Nuweiba is undoubtedly the contoured topography, including narrow valleys, sand-filled depressions and deep…

  • Menkaure's Funerary Temple

    Giza

    Just outside the Pyramid of Menkaure you can see the excavated remains of Menkaure’s Funerary Temple with its courtyard leading onto a sanctuary…

  • Queens' Pyramids

    Giza

    To the south of the Pyramid of Menkaure is a set of three small Queens’ Pyramids. Archaeologists presume they were intended as the tombs for Menkaure's…

  • Wadi Sheikh Atiya

    Sinai

    The oasis area of Wadi Sheikh Atiya is named after the father of the Tarabin tribe – the largest tribe in the area – who lies buried here under a white…

  • Tomb of Pasha Hindi

    Western Desert

    The Tomb of Pasha Hindi is covered by an Islamic-era dome, which sits over a Roman structure, clearly visible from inside the building. Locals make…

  • Jackfish Alley

    Sharm El Sheikh

    A comparatively shallow site that is good for a second or third dive, Jackfish Alley has two enormous caves filled with shoaling glassfish. Depth: 6m to…

  • Stingray Station

    Hurghada

    The stingrays this dive site is named after are most commonly seen in March and April, but there are plenty of other attractions year-round at this…

  • Tomb of Meryre II (No 2)

    Northern Nile Valley

    Meryre II was scribe, steward and 'Overseer of the Royal Harem of Nefertiti'. To the left of the entrance, you will find a scene that shows Nefertiti…

  • Tomb of Seshemnufer IV

    Giza

    The Tomb of Seshemnufer IV, just southeast of the Great Pyramid, is almost always open. There are carved deer on the entrance room walls and a burial…

  • Alternatives

    Sharm El Sheikh

    Flat-topped reefs called 'ergs' harbour plentiful fish. Rough waters or southerly currents can reduce visibility here to nada. Depth: 10m to 15m. Rating:…

  • Italian Insurance Building

    Cairo

    With its beautifully restored Moorish-style facade, this building which once housed an Italian insurance company, is one of Qasr El Nil's most notable…

  • Gabalaya Park & Aquarium

    Cairo

    The pleasant Gabalaya Park & Aquarium has landscaped gardens with aquariums set in rocks (though not many actual fish). It’s a great central spot to…

  • Turtle Bay

    Sharm El Sheikh

    Mostly used as a drift dive, with coral pinnacles at the southern end and salad corals to the north. Depth: 9m to 24m. Rating: intermediate. Access: shore…

  • Ain Al Furtega

    Sinai

    This pretty palm-filled oasis is a relaxing spot and makes for a nice add-on if you're exploring the desert scenery of the region. It's 16km northwest of…

  • Dune

    Nuweiba

    This large sand dune marks the end of Nuweiba City and the beginning of the Tarabin beachfront area. If you're in the Tarabin area, it's a good swimming…

  • Ethnographic Museum

    Western Desert

    Occupying Sherif Ahmed’s house, which itself dates back to 1785, the museum’s everyday objects try to give life to the empty buildings around them.

  • Sohag National Museum

    Northern Nile Valley

    The recently renovated Sohag National Museum displays local antiquities, including those from ongoing excavations of the temple of Ramses II in Akhmim.

  • Tomb of the Crocodile

    Siwa Oasis

    This tomb's name comes from its wall painting of a yellow crocodile representing the god Sobek. Many of the paintings inside are badly deteriorating.

  • Shag Rock

    Sinai

    This sloping reef of hard and soft corals is home to plentiful flitting fishlife. Depth: 15m to 25m. Rating: beginner to advanced. Access: boat.

  • Mosque of Gamal Ad Din

    Cairo

    Built in 1408, the facade of the Mosque of Gamal Ad Din has a row of shops below, the rent from which contributed to the mosque’s upkeep.

  • Lido

    Mediterranean Coast

    Marsa Matruh's main beach has decent sand and clear water, but during summer you'll have trouble finding space to throw down your towel.

  • Solar Barque Pits

    Giza

    On the east side of the Great Pyramid of Khufu note the solar barque pits that housed the giant ritual boats buried with the pharaoh.

  • Mashrabia Gallery

    Cairo

    One of the first indepen­dent galleries, Mashrabia is bit cramped but represents the bigger names in painting, video and sculpture.

  • Gezira Arts Centre

    Cairo

    The several galleries here host rotating contemporary exhibitions, but it was closed for restoration when we were last in town.

  • Cairo Atelier

    Cairo

    Off Sharia Mahmoud Bassiouni, as much a clubhouse as an exhibition space, frequented by Cairo’s art-world new and old guard.

  • Tarabin Beach

    Nuweiba

    Tarabin's skinny strip of beach is a mix of golden sand and small pebbles and has a decent snorkelling reef just offshore.

  • Wikala of Sultan Qaitbey

    Cairo

    This Mamluk-era merchant's inn dates from 1481 and was undergoing a vast restoration project when we were last in town.

  • Cairo Stock Exchange

    Cairo

    The rather grand facade of the Cairo Stock Exchange was built in 1928 and merges neoclassical design with art nouveau.

  • Tomb of the Unknown Soldier

    Alexandria

    This neoclassical monument is a tribute to the Egyptians who lost their lives in the 1967 and 1973 wars with Israel.

  • Ain Khudra

    Sinai

    The spring of Ain Khudra oasis is where Miriam was supposed to have been struck by leprosy for criticising Moses.

  • Carpet-Making Cooperative

    Western Desert

    In Bashendi's carpet-making cooperative you can see rugs being woven and browse through the showroom.

  • Omar Makram Mosque

    Cairo

    Omar Makram Mosque is the place where anybody who's anybody has a funeral.

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