Catacombe di San Sebastiano
Basilica di San Sebastiano
Founded in the 4th century, this basilica atop the Catacombe di San Sebastiano mainly dates from the 17th century. It preserves one of...
Catacombe di San Callisto
These are the largest and busiest of Rome’s catacombs. Founded at the end of the 2nd century and named after Pope Calixtus I, they...
Mausoleo di Romolo
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Via Appia Antica 136 · interesting places nearby
Catacombe di San Sebastiano information
The Catacombe di San Sebastiano were the first burial chambers to be called catacombs, the name deriving from the Greek kata (near) and kymbas (cavity), because they were located near a cave. During the persecutory reign of Vespasian, they provided a safe haven for the remains of Saints Peter and Paul.
The first level is now almost completely destroyed, but frescoes, stucco work and epigraphs can be seen on the 2nd level. There are also three perfectly preserved mausoleums and a plastered wall with hundreds of invocations to Peter and Paul, engraved by worshippers in the 3rd and 4th centuries.
Above the catacombs, the Basilica di San Sebastiano , a much-altered 4th-century church, preserves one of the arrows allegedly used to kill St Sebastian, and the column to which he was tied.