Introducing Thiva (Thebes)
Thiva, the birthplace of Hercules and Dionysos, was a powerful city state in 400 BC during Greece's golden age, occupying a strategic position between northern Greece and the Peloponnese. The tragic fate of its royal dynasty, centred on the myth of Oedipus, rivalled that of ancient Mycenae.
After the Trojan War in the 12th century BC, Thiva became the dominant city of the Boeotia region. Thiva's glorious run ended in 335 BC, however, when it was sacked by Alexander the Great for siding with the Persians.
Although present-day Thiva has few vestiges of its past glory – except for a wonderful archaeological museum which has been inexplicably closed for the last few years – Greek history diehards might head here for posterity; the centre is a pleasant enough place to wander around for an hour or so.