Roman Agora & Tower of the Winds
Tower of the Winds
The well-preserved Tower of the Winds was built in the 1st century BC by a Syrian astronomer named Andronicus. The octagonal monument of...
The city’s civic centre under Roman rule was moved to this partly excavated site, where you can see the foundations of several...
Museum of Greek Popular Instruments
More than 1200 folk instruments dating from the 18th century are exhibited over three floors, with headphones for visitors to listen to...
Popular full-sized stage and dance floor; in summer, there’s more sedate live music on the terrace.
This age-old Plaka taverna, with an antiquated menu in several badly translated languages, sits in a pleasant village-style square away...
Roman Agora & Tower of the Winds information
Entrance to the Roman Agora is through the well-preserved Gate of Athena Archegetis , which is flanked by four Doric columns. It was erected sometime during the 1st century AD and financed by Julius Caesar. The well-preserved, extraordinary Tower of the Winds was built in the 1st century BC by a Syrian astronomer named Andronicus.
The octagonal monument of Pentelic marble is an ingenious construction that functioned as a sundial, weather vane, water clock and compass. Each side represents a point of the compass, and has a relief of a figure floating through the air, which depicts the wind associated with that particular point. Beneath each of the reliefs are the faint markings of sundials. The weather vane, which disappeared long ago, was a bronze Triton that revolved on top of the tower. The Turks allowed dervishes to use the tower.
The rest of the ruins are hard to make sense of. To the right of the entrance are the foundations of a 1st-century public latrine. In the southeast area are the foundations of a propylon and a row of shops.