Oristano has a quietly prosperous feel – despite the mindless graffiti scribbles – with its elegant architecture, palatial piazzas and pedestrian strut of shops and boutiques. The city was founded in the early Middle Ages and, by the 11th century, had grown to become the capital of the Giudicato d’Arborea, one of four provinces in the country prior to the takeover by the Crown of Aragón. Eleonora d’Arborea (1340–1404) became the head of the giudicato in 1383 and has gone down in history for her wise administration and resistance to the Catalano-Aragonese. Eleonora’s death in 1404 led to capitulation but her Carta de Logu, an extraordinary law code, outlived her. You can see her statue in Oristano’s namesake piazza.