Introducing Campo Grande
Known as the Cidade Morena not for its beautiful women but rather its red earth, Campo Grande is the capital of Mato Grosso do Sul, a modern city that is the major gateway to the southern Pantanal. Manganese, rice, soy and cattle are the traditional sources of its wealth, while education (there are four universities in the city), commerce and tourism are growing industries. Campo Grande lies 716km south of Cuiabá and 403km southeast of Corumbá.
Founded around 1875 as the village of Santo Antônio de Campo Grande, Campo Grande really began to grow when the railway came through in 1914. The city was declared the capital of Mato Grosso do Sul by decree of military president Ernesto Giesel in 1977.