Vaccination for yellow fever is not required for entry to Zimbabwe unless you have recently been to an infected area. For all sorts of reasons, however, get a jab before you come to Southern Africa and carry a certificate to prove it.
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Before You Go
The standard vaccinations required for the Southern Africa region are applicable to Zimbabwe. It's important to see your doctor several months in advance, as some vaccinations take time.
It's highly recommended to get vaccinated for both cholera and typhoid, both which had sporadic breakouts in late 2016.
Malaria is present in many parts of the country, so it's recommended to take a course of antimalarials such as Doxycycline or Malarone. However, preventing bites is the ideal solution, so wear long-sleeve clothing in the evenings and bring along repellent containing DEET.
Also ensure you get shots for hepatitis A and B.
Comprehensive travel insurance is vital for travel in Zimbabwe. The state of health care isn't high, so for anything serious you'll need to be airlifted to South Africa. If you plan on rafting, riding a motorcycle or engaging in other adventure activities, ensure you are covered by your policy.
Availability & Cost of Healthcare
While the country has fundamental issues with its health service sector, for the most part travellers in places such as Harare, Bulawayo and Victoria Falls will have access to adequate medical attention. Some of the international-standard GPs can charge in excess of US$100 for a consultation, so ensure you have comprehensive travel insurance. For medical emergencies it's advised to be evacuated to a hospital in South Africa; the recommended Medical Air Rescue Service is based in the major tourist towns.
The tap water in Zimbabwe is not safe to drink, so ensure you consume bottled mineral water only, which is widely available.