Air

Air Zimbabwe has flights from Harare to Bulawayo (45 minutes) and Victoria Falls. New to Zimbabwe is FastJet, a popular budget airline offering cheap flights to Victoria Falls from Harare. There’s a domestic departure tax of US$15.

The only way by air from Harare or Vic Falls to Kariba is to charter, which is very expensive. The following companies can arrange charter flights, which will seat four to six people to Kariba, Mana Pools and Matusadona National Park from Harare or Vic Falls:

Bicycle

Outside of Harare and Bulawayo bike hire is rare.

Boat

Kariba Ferries runs a ferry service between Kariba at the eastern end of the lake and Mlibizi at the western end.

Bus

The express or ‘luxury’ buses operate according to published timetables. Check carefully, however, as most bus companies have both local (‘chicken buses’ for locals) and luxury coaches. For example, Pioneer and Zupco have both luxury and chicken buses.

  • Pathfinder This luxury '7-star' (it claims to have wi-fi) bus service has started up a daily service linking Harare to Vic Falls, Bulawayo and even Hwange. It has plans for services to Mutare and Kariba.
  • Bravo Plies the Harare–Bulawayo–Vic Falls route.

Car & Motorcyle

Driving Licence

Visitors can use their driving licence from their home country for up to 90 days in Zimbabwe as long as it’s written in English. Given the increasing likelihood of police trying to elicit bribes, however, it’s best to ensure you also have an international driving licence.

Fuel

As of October 2018, petrol and diesel were available in Victoria Falls (town), but there were long lines and fuel was being rationed. If coming from Zambia, fill up in Livingstone.

Hire

  • The minimum driving age required by rental companies varies, but it is usually between 23 and 25 years. The maximum age is normally about 65 years.
  • It’s important to note that most collision damage waiver (CDW) insurance policies do not cover 2WD vehicles travelling on rough roads in national parks.
  • Be sure you have all the relevant papers and your car is fitted with the legally required fire extinguisher (serviced so it's on green), warning triangles and reflectors and a light for the rear number plate. All these are checked routinely at the many roadblocks, with fines issued if any of the above aren't in order.
  • If you hire a car outside Zimbabwe (particularly South Africa or Zambia) you can expect to be waved down more often at the ubiquitous police roadblocks for revenue-raising safety checks.

Road Hazards

Many residents make a rule of not driving outside the major towns after dark. Police roadblocks are another inevitable pain of driving in Zimbabwe and you can expect to be waved down multiple times for long journeys. As long as you have all the correct papers and safety equipment, a smile and being courteous should see you waved through without any problems. It's important to be courteous at all times in your dealings with police; rude or aggressive behaviour will land you in much more trouble. It's not a bad idea to request and note the force number of the officer. The maximum fine is US$20, but is usually US$10 or less.

Local Transport

Taxis are safe and reliable and can be booked through your hotel front desk. Most are metered, charging around US$2.50 for 1km at the time of writing. Taxis in cities travel within a 40km radius of the city. Always take a taxi at night.

Train

Connecting Harare, Bulawayo, Mutare and Victoria Falls, all major train services travel at night. The most popular route is from Vic Falls to Bulawayo. Definitely opt for first class, which is good value, comfortable and gets you a sleeping compartment.