Nearly all international visitors arrive at Caracas' Aeropuerto Internacional Simón Bolívar in Maiquetía, 26km from the capital. Venezuela has several other airports that take international flights, but none were regularly scheduled at the time of research.
Set at the northern edge of South America, Venezuela has one of the fastest journey times from North America, making it a convenient northern gateway to the continent. However, air-traffic disputes between the US and the government have trimmed the number of flights to and from the US. Venezuela is also served by flights to cities in Europe, the Caribbean and South America, but since 2014, at least 15 airlines have stopped service to Venezuela altogether.
Currently the Maiquetía airport experiences problems with basic services such as air-conditioning, water and sanitary services (ie clean bathrooms). Tourists have also been threatened and robbed by security personnel in recent years.
The national carrier is Conviasa.
Departure taxes are included in all airfares to and from Aeropuerto Internacional Simón Bolívar, so you no longer need to pay at the airport. Elsewhere you may have to pay a small surcharge at your departing airport, but this is usually a tiny amount in local currency.