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Fort Worth became famous during the great open-range cattle drives of the late 19th century, when more than 10 million head of cattle tramped through the city on the Chisholm Trail. This Old West outpost attracted some infamous desperados: Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid hid out in town, as did Great Depression–era holdup artists Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow. During the 1920s, nearby oil-field finds turned the city into an important industry operation center. Amon Carter, oilman and early publisher of the Star-Telegram, put the city on the arts map when his will provided resources for local museums.