Idaho Facts

Nickname Gem State

Population 1,596,000

Area 83,570 sq miles

Capital city Boise (population 223,154)

Other cities Idaho Falls (population 60,211)

Sales tax 6%

Birthplace of Lewis and Clark guide Sacagawea (1788–1812); politician Sarah Palin (b 1964); poet Ezra Pound (1885–1972)

Home of Star garnet, Sun Valley ski resort

Politics Reliably Republican with small pockets of Democrats, eg Sun Valley

Famous for Potatoes, Wilderness, the world's first chairlift

North America's deepest river gorge Idaho's Hells Canyon (7900ft deep)

Driving distances Boise to Idaho Falls 280 miles, Lewiston to Coeur d'Alene 116 miles