Birthplace of

Civil rights activist Sojourner Truth (1797–1883), poet Walt Whitman (1819−92), President Theodore Roosevelt (1858−1919), President Franklin D Roosevelt (1882−1945), first lady Eleanor Roosevelt (1884−1962), painter Edward Hopper (1882−1967), movie star Humphrey Bogart (1899−1957), comic Lucille Ball (1911−89), supreme court justices Ruth Bader Ginsberg (b 1933), Sonia Sotomayor (b 1954), and Elena Kagan (b 1960), athlete Michael Jordan (b 1963), pop star Jennifer Lopez (b 1969).

Capital

Albany

Driving Distances

NYC to Albany 152 miles, NYC to Buffalo 374 miles

Famous for

New York City, Niagara Falls (half of it), the Hamptons, wineries, Hudson River

Home of

Six Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy, first US cattle ranch (1747, in Montauk, Long Island), US women's suffrage movement (1848), Erie Canal (1825)

Major City

New York City

Nickname

Empire State, Excelsior State, Knickerbocker State

Politics

Democratic governor Andrew Cuomo, NYC overwhelmingly Democratic, upstate more conservative with progressive pockets

Sales Tax

4% (plus additional municipal taxes; total usually around 8%), NYC 8.75%

Unusual River

Genesee River is one of the few rivers in the world that flows south−north, from south-central New York into Lake Ontario at Rochester