Ukrainian cities are navigable by trolleybus, tram, bus and (in Kyiv, Kharkiv and Dnipro) metro. Urban public-transport systems are usually overworked and overcrowded. There's no room for being shy or squeamish – learn to assert yourself quickly.
- A ticket (kvytok or bilyet) for one ride by bus/tram/trolleybus costs 2uah to 5uah.
- There are virtually no return, transfer, timed or day tickets available anywhere.
- It's always simplest to pay the driver or conductor.
- Tickets have to be punched on board (or ripped by the conductor).
- Unclipped or untorn tickets warrant an on-the-spot fine should you be caught.
- For the metros you need a plastic token (zheton), sold at the counters inside the stations. Top-up cards are now also available in Kyiv.
- Metros run from around 5.30am to midnight.