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Before You Go
A yellow-fever vaccination certificate is required for entry into Uganda. Make sure you are up to date with routine vaccinations such as measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine, diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine, varicella (chickenpox) vaccine, polio vaccine and a yearly flu shot. You should also have vaccinations for typhoid and hepatitis A. It's also essential to take preventative antimalarial drugs. Vaccinations against cholera, hepatitis B, meningitis and rabies may be necessary, depending on your travel plans, so consult with your doctor well before your departure. Zika virus is known to be present, so pregnant women or those trying to get pregnant (women and their partners) should become versed in the possible risks.
Most doctors expect cash payment. Prior to travel, confirm that your insurance plan will pay providers directly or provide reimbursements. In theory, visitors must bring proof of insurance with them to Uganda but it's rarely checked. Travel insurance that covers evacuation or repatriation is essential.
Availability & Cost of Healthcare
Travel with your own comprehensive medical insurance, although you will find that medical help is inexpensive compared to costs in most Western countries. Bring a well-stocked first-aid kit. If you have a specific condition, it's wise to bring the medication you will need for the duration of your trip. The International Hospital in Kampala is the country's main private facility. Provincial cities have smaller, more limited facilities or clinics.
Avoid drinking tap water in Uganda. Water that is bottled, boiled or filtered should be fine.