Travel Agencies

Kalpak Travel (www.kalpak-travel.com) Swiss-Kyrgyz husband-and-wife-run travel agency that specialises in tours to Central Asia, with several Turkmenistan itineraries.

Stantours (www.stantours.com) Based in Kazakhstan but offering adventures such as camel treks across the Karakum desert, markhor-watching and climbing in Kugitang, plus a week-long expedition on Akhal-Teke horses in the Kopet Dag mountains.

Young Pioneers (www.youngpioneertours.com) While budget travel is not a thing in Turkmenistan, Young Pioneers try to keep costs down where possible. As well as guided tours of Turkmenistan, they offer trips through all the surrounding 'Stans.