Top Choice Ruins in Pamukkale


Hierapolis' location atop Pamukkale's tourist-magnet travertines is quite spectacular, and the ruins of this ancient spa city are beautifully maintained. Founded as a curative centre around 190 BC by Eumenes II of P…
Top Choice Nature Reserve in Pamukkale


The World Heritage–listed saucer-shaped travertines (or terraces) of Pamukkale wind sideways down the powder-white mountain above the village, providing a stunning contrast to the clear blue sky and green plains bel…
Historic Site in Pamukkale

Roman Theatre

The spectacular Roman theatre at Hierapolis, capable of seating more than 12,000 spectators, was built in two stages by the emperors Hadrian and Septimius Severus. Much of the stage survives, along with some of the …
Historic Site in Pamukkale

Martyrium of St Philip the Apostle

The extraordinary octagonal Martyrium of St Philip the Apostle at Hierapolis is built on the site where it's believed that St Philip was martyred. The arches of the eight individual chapels here, marked with crosses…
Museum in Pamukkale

Hierapolis Archaeology Museum

Housed in former Roman baths, this excellent museum exhibits spectacular sarcophagi from nearby archaeological site Laodicea and elsewhere; small finds include jewellery, oil lamps and stamp seals from Hierapolis an…
Ruins in Pamukkale

Temple of Apollo

The foundations of Hierapolis's Temple of Apollo remain today. Eunuch priests once tended the temple's oracle, its alleged power derived from an adjoining spring, the Plutonium (named after the underworld god Pluto)…
Ruins in Pamukkale

Hellenistic Theatre

Hack across the Hierapolis hillside, in a westerly direction from the Martyrium of St Philip the Apostle, and eventually you'll come to a completely ruined Hellenistic theatre along unmarked goat tracks. Looking dow…
Ruins in Pamukkale


A rough path giving fantastic views of the Hieropolis site and the plains beyond leads west across the hillside to a completely ruined Hellenistic theatre sitting above the 2nd-century agora. One of the largest ever…
Ruins in Pamukkale


Hierapolis's extraordinary necropolis (cemetery) extends several kilometres. The clustered circular tombs probably belonged to the many ancient spa tourists whom Hierapolitan healers failed to cure.
Ruins in Pamukkale


An important building in health-orientated Hierapolis, the gymnasium collapsed in a 7th-century earthquake and only a few Doric columns now stand.