Ruins in Pamukkale


The ruins of this Roman and Byzantine spa city evoke life in a bygone era, in which Greeks, Romans and Jews, pagans and Christians, and spa tourists peacefully coexisted. It became a curative centre when founded aro…
Nature Reserve in Pamukkale


The World Heritage–listed saucer-shaped travertines (or terraces, as they are also called) of Pamukkale wind sideways down the powder-white mountain above the village, providing a stunning contrast to the clear blue…
Historic Site in Pamukkale

Roman Theatre

The spectacular Roman theatre at Hierapolis, capable of seating more than 12,000 spectators, was built in two stages by the emperors Hadrian and Septimius Severus. Much of the stage survives, along with some of the …
Museum in Pamukkale

Hierapolis Archaeology Museum

Housed in former Roman baths, this excellent museum exhibits spectacular sarcophagi from nearby archaeological site Laodicea and elsewhere; small finds include jewellery, oil lamps and stamp seals from Hierapolis an…
Ruins in Pamukkale

Temple of Apollo

The foundations of Hierapolis's Temple of Apollo remain today. Eunuch priests once tended the temple's oracle, its alleged power derived from an adjoining spring, the Plutonium (named after the underworld god Pluto)…
Ruins in Pamukkale

Hellenistic Theatre

Hack across the Hierapolis hillside, in a westerly direction from the Martyrium of St Philip the Apostle, and eventually you'll come to a completely ruined Hellenistic theatre along unmarked goat tracks. Looking dow…
Historic Site in Pamukkale

Martyrium of St Philip the Apostle

The extraordinary octagonal Martyrium of St Philip the Apostle at Hierapolis is built on the site where it's believed that St Philip was martyred. The arches of the eight individual chapels are all marked with cross…
Ruins in Pamukkale

Sacred Pool

The sacred pool in the courtyard of the Antique Pool spa at Hierapolis has submerged sections of original fluted marble columns to lounge against. The water, which is abundant in minerals and a more-than-balmy 36°C,…
Ruins in Pamukkale


A rough path giving fantastic views of the Hieropolis site and the plains beyond leads west across the hillside to a completely ruined Hellenistic theatre sitting above the 2nd-century agora. One of the largest ever…
Ruins in Pamukkale


Hierapolis's extraordinary necropolis (cemetery) extends several kilometres. The clustered circular tombs probably belonged to the many ancient spa tourists whom Hierapolitan healers failed to cure.