Top things to do

Top Choice Ruins in Far Northeast

Ani

The ruins of Ani, 45km east of Kars, are an absolute must-see. Your first view is stunning: wrecks of great stone buildings adrift on a sea of undulating grass, landmarks in a ghost city that was once the stately Ar…
Top Choice Palace in Doğubayazıt

İshak Paşa Palace

The splendid İshak Paşa Palace stands on a small plateau beneath stark cliffs 6km southeast of town. Combining Ottoman, Seljuk, Georgian, Persian and Armenian design, the palace was begun in 1685 and completed in 17…
Top Choice Cave in Ani

Underground City

The cliffs and valleys all around the Ani plateau are riddled with hundreds of caves, the great majority of them carved out by humans over the millennia. They've served as dwellings, animal shelters, churches and, p…
Top Choice Cathedral in Ani

Cathedral

The cathedral at Ani, completed in 1010 and renamed the Fethiye Camii (Victory Mosque) by the Seljuks, is the largest and most impressive building among the ruins. Ani was once the seat of the Armenian Orthodox Patr…
Top Choice Church in Ani

Church of St Gregory (Tigran Honents)

The Church of St Gregory the Illuminator (in Turkish, Resimli Kilise – Church with Pictures) perches very photogenically above the gorge of the Arpaçay, below an 11th-century hamam. Built in 1215 by a pious merchant…
Top Choice Cathedral in Çamlıyamaç

Öşkvank Cathedral

A three-aisled cruciform structure still topped by a dome, the cathedral has a very impressive main facade on its south side, with tall blind arcades and reliefs of archangels and an eagle clutching a deer. The cath…
Top Choice Church in Tekkale & Dörtkilise

Dörtkilise

The wonderful 10th-century Georgian church of Dörtkilise (in Georgian Otkhta Eklesia, meaning Church of the Four) stands 6km up a green river valley from Tekkale village, 7km southwest of Yusufeli. A large, domeless…
Top Choice Church in İşhan

İşhan Church of the Mother of God

This wonderful medieval Georgian church has been under restoration by the Turkish government, meaning it can only be gazed at from the perimeter fence, but hopefully it will be reopened to visitors in 2017. From out…
Top Choice Museum in Erzurum

Yakutiye Medresesi

Dominating Erzurum's central park, this handsome Mongol medrese (seminary) dates from 1310. The Mongols borrowed the basics of Seljuk architecture and developed their own variations, as seen on the facade and sides …
Top Choice Mosque in Ani

Manuçehr Camii

With a tall octagonal, truncated minaret and six vaults, the Manuçehr Camii at Ani was built by the Seljuk Turks in 1072 and is considered to be the first Turkish mosque in Anatolia. The blend of Armenian and Seljuk…