Top Choice Fortress in Kars

Kars Castle

Records show that Saltuk Turks built a fortress on this hill above a bend in the Kars River in 1153. It was demolished by the Central Asian conqueror Tamerlane (Timur) in 1386 and rebuilt several times over the foll…
Museum in Kars

Kars Museum

Northeast of the centre, just off the road to Ani, the city museum has archaeological exhibits from the early Bronze Age (including some from the Ani area, showing how far back settlement there stretched), the Urart…
Museum in Kars

Kars Culture & Art Association

Local historian Vedat Akçayöz's paint shop (its sign says Yeni Akçay Kollektif Şirketi) doubles as a small library and museum about the Molokan and Doukhobor Spiritual Christian sects (his grandmother was a Molokan)…
Mosque in Kars

Kümbet Camii

Below Kars Castle, the imposing, basalt Kümbet Camii was built as a church between 932 and 937 when Kars was (briefly) capital of the Bagratuni kingdom of Armenia. Reliefs of the 12 apostles adorn the drum beneath t…
Mosque in Kars

Fethiye Camii

This 19th-century Russian church, converted to a mosque, stands picturesquely south of the centre, now with twin minarets instead of its original onion domes.
Bridge in Kars

Taş Köprü

The attractive 16th-century basalt bridge Taş Köprü, spanning the Kars River below the castle, was destroyed by a flood and rebuilt by the Ottomans in 1719.
Architecture in Kars

Old Governor's Mansion

The Treaty of Kars was signed in 1921 in this yellow-and-white building dating from 1883, one of the finest examples of Kars' Baltic architecture.
Hamam in Kars

Cuma Hamam

This Ottoman hamam sits on the south bank of the Kars River beside the Taş Köprü bridge.
Mosque in Kars

Ulu Camii

Below Kars Castle, the 17th-century Ulu Camii is Kars' largest Ottoman mosque.
Hamam in Kars

Mazlum Ağa Hamam

The rectangular 18th-century basalt Mazlum Ağa Hamam stands near the river below Kars Castle. You'll probably find it locked up, but you can peep through the windows.