Top Choice Medrese in Erzurum

Çifte Minareli Medrese

The Seljuk-style Çifte Minareli Medrese, dating from the second half of the 13th century, is for most people Erzurum's most splendid building. The twin fluted brick minarets, decorated with eye-catching small blue t…
Top Choice Fortress in Erzurum


For Erzurum's best views, head up to the citadel. It was originally erected by a general of Byzantine emperor Theodosius in the 5th century, perhaps on the site of an earlier Urartu fortification, and subsequently d…
Top Choice Medrese in Erzurum

Yakutiye Medresesi

Dominating Erzurum's central park, this handsome Mongol medrese (seminary) dates from 1310. The Mongols borrowed the basics of Seljuk architecture and developed their own variations, as seen on the facade and sides …
Mosque in Erzurum

Caferiye Camii

This small Ottoman mosque was constructed in 1645.
Tomb in Erzurum

Üç Kümbetler

These three mausoleums are among Erzurum's most perfect small buildings. While the two smaller 12-sided ones probably date from the 14th century, the largest one – octagonal – is believed by some to be the tomb of E…
Mosque in Erzurum

Ulu Cami

The Ulu Cami, built in 1179 by Erzurum's Saltuk Turkish emir, is restrained but elegant. Seven aisles run north–south and six run east–west, resulting in a forest of columns and pointed arches. In the central north–…
Mosque in Erzurum

Lala Paşa Camii

Erzurum's first Ottoman-era mosque was built by Lala Mustafa Paşa, a general and grand vizier under Sultan Süleyman the Magnificent, in 1562. Its plan is the same as that of several large İstanbul mosques of the tim…