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Top Choice Archaeological Site in Boğazkale, Hattuşa & Yazılıkaya

Hattuşa

The mountainous, isolated site of Hattuşa was once the capital of the Hittite kingdom, which stretched from Syria to Europe. At its zenith this was a busy and impressive city of 15,000 inhabitants with defensive wal…
Historic Site in Boğazkale, Hattuşa & Yazılıkaya

Yazılıkaya

Yazılıkaya means 'Inscribed Rock', and that's exactly what you'll find in these outdoor rock galleries, around 2km from Hattuşa. There are two galleries: the larger one, to the left, was the Hittite empire's holiest…
Temple in Hattuşa

Büyük Mabet

The vast complex of the Büyük Mabet, dating from the 14th century BC and destroyed around 1200 BC, is the closest archaeological site to the entrance gate and the best preserved of Hattuşa's Hittite temple ruins, bu…
Gate in Hattuşa

Yer Kapı

The Yer Kapı is Hattuşa's most impressive gate, with an artificial mound pierced by a 70m-long tunnel. The Hittites built the tunnel using a corbelled arch (two flat faces of stones leaning towards one another), as …
Gate in Hattuşa

Aslanlı Kapı

At Aslanlı Kapı, two stone lions (one rather poorly reconstructed) protect the city from evil spirits. This is one of at least six gates in Hattuşa's 4000-year-old defensive walls, though it may never have been comp…
Museum in Boğazkale

Boğazkale Museum

Unsurprisingly, Hittite artefacts dominate the small Boğazkale Museum which does a good job of explaining the history and culture of the Hittite empire with plenty of information boards in English. The pride of the …
Gate in Hattuşa

Kral Kapı

Kral Kapı is named after the regal-looking figure in the relief carving. The kingly character, a Hittite warrior god protecting the city, is (quite obviously) a copy; the original was removed to Ankara's Museum of A…
Ruins in Hattuşa

Büyük Kale

Although most of the Büyük Kale site has been excavated, many of the older layers of development have been re-covered to protect them, so what you see today can be hard to decipher. This fortress held the royal pala…
Ruins in Hattuşa

Upper City Temple District

Best viewed from atop the mound of Yer Kapı, Hattuşa's upper city temple district was once a grand centre of 24 temples dedicated to the Hittites' many different gods.
Ruins in Hattuşa

Güney Kale

Immediately opposite Nişantaş, a path leads up to the excavated Güney Kale with a fine (fenced-off) hieroglyphics chamber with human figure reliefs.