Introduction

If you have an interest in Anatolian archaeology you'll enjoy the Arslantepe Höyüğü at Orduzu village, 5km northeast of Malatya. Over 30m high and 200m long, the oval-shaped mound is composed of multiple layers of human settlement stretching from around 4300 BC to AD 400. Arslantepe (or Aslantepe) was probably at its peak in the 4th millennium BC when one of the world's earliest state systems developed here. Replicas of wonderful statues of the neo-Hittite king Tarhunza and two lions, from about the 12th century BC, stand at the site entrance (the originals are now in Ankara's Museum of Anatolian Civilisations).

Within the mound, you can inspect an excavated 4th-millennium BC palace-and-temple area of earth-and-stone walls with some surviving wall paintings. Numerous information panels tell the site's story – and you can climb to the top for expansive views as far as the Euphrates (Firat) River to the north.