Top ChoiceChurch in Ani

Tigran Honents Church

Appealingly sited overlooking a stretch of river gorge, this 13th-century church appears relatively intact, though the current main door is within what was once an internal wall, patched up after the western end...

Top ChoiceCathedral in Ani

Ani Cathedral

Completed in 1010, the grassy-roofed cathedral is the largest building among the Ani ruins. The building's elegantly finished stone walls are relatively plain and partly hidden by scaffolding but the towering...

Top ChoiceMosque in Ani

Manuçehr Camii

Ani's 1072 Manuçehr Camii was built by the Seljuk Turks, using Armenian architects and artisans, creating a stylistic blend in what is considered to have been the first Turkish mosque in Anatolia. With a tall...

Cave in Ani

'Underground City'

The cliffs and valleys all around the Ani plateau are riddled with hundreds of caves that guides have collectively dubbed Ani's 'Underground City'. Mostly carved out by humans over the millennia, the caves have...

Fortress in Ani

İç Kale

Covering the large rocky eminence at the southern point of the Ani plateau, İç Kale is a jumble of tumbled stone, with faint vestiges of ancient palaces and walls that date back at least 1500 years – possibly...

Church in Ani

Church of St Prkitch

Walking from the west, Ani's distinctive Church of the Redeemer (1034–36) looks strikingly complete despite the supporting scaffolding. From other angles, however, it's evident that the eastern half has collapsed...

Palace in Ani

Seljuk Palace

Built into the western tip of Ani's defensive walls, this rectilinear palace has been so painstakingly over-restored that it looks quite out of place, though the portal's star-motif red stonework is handsome....

Church in Ani

Kervansaray

The Church of the Holy Apostles (Arak Elots Kilisesi) dates from 1031, but after the Seljuks took the city in 1064 they added a gateway with a fine dome and used the building as a caravanserai – hence its name...

Church in Ani

Church of Grigor Pahlavuny

A well-preserved central landmark in the heart of the Ani plateau, this rotunda-shaped church with a conical roof was built in about 980 for the wealthy Pahlavuni family.

Church in Ani

Kızıl Kilise

Miles from anywhere, the 10th-century Kızıl Kilise is one of eastern Turkey's most complete Armenian village churches. Now used as a barn, the building uses a beautiful combination of red and black stone and its...

Church in Ani

Bagnair Monastery Ruins

For a driving excursion en route to Ani, you could head to Bagnair Armenian Monastery ruins. Two church building-shells remain, the larger one (10th century) is badly damaged; the smaller one, 200m across a...

Ruins in Ani

Church of Gagkashen

Even though the ruins of this once-enormous church are little more than its circular base and a jumble of column sections within, it is enough to grasp what an astonishing construction it must have been when...

Church in Ani

Convent of the Virgins

Out of bounds just above Arpaçay gorge, this complex of ruins is most notable for the dainty, serrated-domed chapel (probably 11th-century) enclosed by a defensive wall. It's best observed from the windows of...

Ruins in Ani

Silk Road Bridge Supports

Two unconnected brick towers are all that remain of a once important 9th-century bridge that formerly straddled the Arpaçay, the river that now forms the Turkish-Armenian border. It was originally a two-level...

Ruins in Ani

Kız Kalesi

Despite its name, 'Maiden's Castle', almost all that remains of Kız Kalesi is a red-stone church, probably dating from the late 10th century. It's off limits to visitors, but the view from İç Kale, some 700m...

Ruins in Ani

Ebu'l Muammeran Camii

The most substantial remnant of this 11th-century mosque is its minaret, now lying on its side with the spiral stairs inside clearly visible. It was ruined in the early 20th century.

Gate in Ani

Arslan Kapısı

Just inside the Ani ruins is the sturdy Arslan Kapısı (or Aslan Kapısı – Lion Gate). Depending on which guide you believe, it was named after Alp Arslan, the Seljuk sultan who conquered Ani in 1064, or for the...

Cave in Ani

Cave Church

Dozens of caves cut into in the cliff-like sides of Ani Plateau were made into chapels and hermit cells. The most easily accessible is this partly collapsed 10th-century example just south of the Seljuk Palace.

Viewpoint in Ani

Kız Kalesi Viewpoint

One of the best places from which to admire the impregnable Kız Kalesi site is from this viewpoint near the southern end of the İç Kale citadel ruins.

Church in Ani

Oğuzlu Church Ruins

A once monumental 10th-century church ruin rises up from the steppe to dominate the village of Oğuzlu, around 20km north of Ani, via Esenyurt. However, a 1936 earthquake caused the dome and other structures to...