Government programs to remove pigs and stagnant water from Dili have lowered the malaria rate to almost nil, however Dengue fever is still rife in the country and Chikungunya, filariasis and Japanese encephalitis are prevalent.
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Before You Go
This is a must-have for travellers and expats working in Timor-Leste. Attending Stamford Medical Clinic and being medevaced out to Darwin or Singapore is a superior option to treatment at Hospital Nacional Guido Valadares. Divers note: there is no decompression chamber in Timor-Leste. There are few dental facilities.
Visitors might consider being vaccinated against typhoid and hepatitis A. Those working around animals in the districts may consider being vaccinated against Japanese encephalitis and rabies (though the latter has had no confirmed cases).
Availability & Cost of Healthcare
Consultations at a quality Western-standard medical clinic in Dili cost upwards of US$40. In the regions, district hospitals offer basic healthcare services, but travellers are best heading to Dili for treatment.
Avoid drinking tap water unless it has been boiled; likewise, avoid ice cubes. It's best to drink bottled water from reliable sources.