Weerribben-Wieden National Park's unique bog-and-water scape was created in the 14th century by peat harvesters who dug up peat in rows and laid it out to dry on the adjoining strip of land.

The park is divided into two areas: De Weerribben, to the north, with its characteristic striated landscape protected since 1882, and, to the south, lake-specked De Wieden which joined the park in 2002.