There's a minor rivalry between Nijmegen and Maastricht to claim the title as the oldest city in the Netherlands. What is known is that the Romans conquered the place in 70 AD and promptly burnt it down. A sad taste of things to come.
Nijmegen built itself up as a trading and manufacturing town. It rolled with the many invasions through the centuries right up until WWII, which was devastating. A marshalling point for German forces, it was bombed heavily by the Americans in February 1944. Later that year, it was pummeled during the Operation Market Garden fiasco. The postwar years have seen several rebuilding schemes. Nowadays the city bursts with culture, and there are a pack of splendid recreational options in the immediate vicinity.