Don't Miss: Den Bosch's Own Fantasist

Little is known about the personal life of Hieronymus (Jheronimus, Jeroen) Bosch, who lived in Den Bosch from 1450 to 1516. The artist's intricate interpretations of religious themes show a wildly creative imagination at work, at turns gruesome, humorous and debauched. One needs only gaze at the human figures flying on a fish in the Temptation of St Anthony to know that this wasn't your everyday painter of static Madonnas.

Since his 500th death anniversary in 2016, the city is ever more full of Bosch traces, notably surreal sculptures of flying fish, human-eating insects and ear-butterflies in public spaces and sticking out of canals. There's a statue of the artist in the market square and one of the city's main sights is the superb Jheronimus Bosch Art Center.