Air

There are no domestic passenger flights operating within The Gambia.

Bicycle

Cycling in The Gambia can be a bit challenging, with narrow, often pockmarked roads, and drivers who pass dangerously close as they sputter past.

Boat

There are no scheduled passenger boats but several tour operators offer excursions, including tailor-made trips upriver.

Bus

Gambia's new GTSC bus service provides much-improved transport up-country, with regular buses travelling along both the south bank and the north bank of the Gambia River.

Along the south bank, buses depart from a depot in Kanifing, about 5km southeast of the coastal resorts. Buses run hourly (from about 6am to 10pm) all the way to Basse Santa Su (D260).

To access points along the north bank, take the ferry from Banjul to Barra and catch one of the five daily buses connecting Barra with Laminkoto (D140), and points in between.

Car & Motorcycle

Driving in The Gambia presents the usual challenges of West African road travel: potholes, nonexistent signage and an abundance of pedestrians, slow-moving vehicles and free-roaming livestock. Always take it slow. You'll also have to contend with numerous police/immigration/customs/military checkpoints. Make sure your papers are in order, and don't be surprised if you get hit up for 'tea money' at every stop (D50 is usually a sufficient bribe to avoid lengthy delays with the authorities). Avoid driving at night, as a lack of streetlights ensures a blanket of darkness, and other drivers don't always use their headlights.

Driving

Gambians drive on the right-hand side.

Car Hire

A good 4WD is handy once you leave the main highways.

Reliable car-hire companies include Afriq Cars and multinational chains such as Avis.

If you don't want to self-drive, you can usually hire a car and driver for slightly more than you'd pay for a rental. Just make sure you agree on all terms beforehand – whether the cost includes fuel, driver's food and accommodation, any repairs that may arise, etc.

Local Transport

To reach the south coast, head to Bakoteh Junction, where you'll find sept-place (shared seven-seater) taxis and gelli-gellis (battered crammed minibuses) that head to the southern villages of Tanji, Sanyang, Gunjur and Kartong.

The southbank road from the coast eastward is generally a better option than the northbank road as it avoids the unreliable Barra ferry crossing. The GTSC bus service, which travels along the southbank is the best option for long-distance travel. However, there are other options upriver, including bush taxis and gelli-gellis that depart from Mosque Rd, about 600m southeast of the Sayer Jobe intersection.

For northbank destination, you'll have to take the ferry from Banjul to Barra, then hop onto a sept-place (shared seven-seater) taxi to Kerewan, from where you can change for transport heading further east.

Sept-place taxis are by no means a comfy way of travelling; however, they are infinitely better than the battered gelli-gelli minibuses. A few green, government-owned 'express' buses also ply the major roads. You can get on at Tippa petrol station in Serekunda – prepare for a slow, bouncy ride.