Over the past few years, cycling has exploded in popularity in Bangkok. Bike sales are booming, the 23km bicycle track that circles Suvarnabhumi International Airport was being upgraded at the time of writing and a Bangkok cycling event in mid-2015 drew nearly 40,000 participants. There's even a bike-share initiative, although it appeared to be on its last legs at the time of writing. Yet despite all this, dangerous roads, traffic, heat, pollution and lack of bike lanes mean that Bangkok is still far from a safe or convenient place to use a bicycle as a means of transportation.
A fleet of boats, both those that run along Mae Nam Chao Phraya and along the city's canals, serve Bangkok's commuters.
Canal taxi boats run along Khlong Saen Saep (Banglamphu to Ramkhamhaeng) and are an easy way to get between Banglamphu and Jim Thompson House, the Siam Sq shopping centres (get off at Sapan Hua Chang Pier for both) and other points further east along Th Sukhumvit – after a mandatory change of boat at Pratunam Pier.
- These boats are mostly used by daily commuters and pull into the piers for just a few seconds – jump straight on or you’ll be left behind.
- Fares range from 9B to 19B and boats run from 5.30am to 7.15pm from Monday to Friday, from 6am to 6.30pm on Saturday and from 6am to 6pm on Sunday.
The Chao Phraya Express Boat operates the main ferry service along Mae Nam Chao Phraya. The central pier is known as Tha Sathon, Saphan Taksin or sometimes Sathon/Central Pier, and connects to the BTS at Saphan Taksin station.
- Boats run from 6am to 8pm. You can buy tickets (10B to 40B) at the pier or on board; hold on to your ticket as proof of purchase (an occasional formality).
- The most common boats are the orange-flagged express boats. These run between Wat Rajsingkorn, south of Bangkok, to Nonthaburi, north, stopping at most major piers (15B, frequent from 6am to 7pm).
- A blue-flagged tourist boat (40B, every 30 minutes from 9.30am to 5pm) runs from Sathon/Central Pier to Phra Athit/Banglamphu Pier, with stops at eight major sightseeing piers and a barely comprehensible English-language commentary. Vendors at Sathon/Central Pier tout a 150B all-day pass, but unless you plan on doing a lot of boat travel, it's not great value.
- There are also dozens of cross-river ferries, which charge 3B and run every few minutes until late at night.
- Private long-tail boats can be hired for sightseeing trips at Phra Athit/Banglamphu Pier, Chang Pier, Tien Pier and Oriental Pier.
BTS & MRT
The elevated BTS, also known as the Skytrain (rót fai fáa), whisks you through ‘new’ Bangkok (Silom, Sukhumvit and Siam Sq). The interchange between the two lines is at Siam station and trains run frequently from 6am to midnight. Fares range from 16B to 44B or 140B for a one-day pass. Most ticket machines only accept coins, but change is available at the information booths.
Bangkok’s Metro, the MRT is most helpful for people staying in the Sukhumvit or Silom area to reach the train station at Hualamphong. Fares cost from 16B to 42B or 120B for a one-day pass. The trains run frequently from 6am to midnight.
Bangkok’s public buses are run by the Bangkok Mass Transit Authority.
- As the routes are not always clear, and with Bangkok taxis being such a good deal, you’d really have to be pinching pennies to rely on buses as a way to get around Bangkok.
- Air-con bus fares range from 10B to 23B and fares for fan-cooled buses start at 6.50B.
- Most of the bus lines run between 5am and 10pm or 11pm, except for the ‘all-night’ buses, which run from 3am or 4am to mid-morning.
- You’ll most likely require the help of thinknet’s Bangkok Bus Guide.
Car & Motorcycle
For short-term visitors, you will find parking and driving a car in Bangkok more trouble than it is worth. If you need private transport, consider hiring a car and driver through your hotel or hire a taxi driver that you find trustworthy. One reputable operator is Julie Taxi, which offers a variety of vehicles and excellent service.
But if you still want to give it a go, all the big car-hire companies have offices in Bangkok, as well as counters at Suvarnabhumi and Don Mueang International airports. Rates start at around 1000B per day for a small car. A passport plus a valid licence from your home country (with English translation if necessary) or an International Driving Permit are required for all rentals.
Motorcycle taxis (known as motorsai) serve two purposes in Bangkok.
Most commonly and popularly they form an integral part of the public transport network, running from the corner of a main thoroughfare, such as Th Sukhumvit, to the far ends of sois (lanes) that run off that thoroughfare. Riders wear coloured, numbered vests and gather at either end of their soi, usually charging 10B to 20B for the trip (without a helmet unless you ask).
Their other purpose is as a means of beating the traffic. You tell your rider where you want to go, negotiate a price (from 20B for a short trip up to about 150B going across town), strap on the helmet (they will insist for longer trips) and say a prayer to any god you’re into.
It’s Friday rush hour in Bangkok and traffic is bumper-to-bumper as far as the eye can see. You need to be somewhere – fast. Assuming you don’t have a police escort, the only way out is to hop on the back of a fearless motorcycle taxi, known as a motorsai. Hang on tight as your orange-vested driver weaves past belching trucks, zips down tiny back-alleys and, when all else fails, treats the pavement as a bike lane. Even the niftiest túk-túk (pronounced đúk đúk) struggles to keep up with a motorsai.
Motorsai are an essential lubricant for Bangkok’s congested streets, with an estimated 200,000 on the road. They gather at street corners in ranks known as win. As well as transporting people and goods, they double as messengers for private companies. Since they can drive down narrow soi, motorsai are often the only form of public transport in parts of the city, providing the last leg of bus and train commutes. This is particularly true when there’s no Skytrain or subway line.
Not all motorsai journeys are mad dashes across town. Plenty of people use them to putter up and down their soi, to run local errands and visit friends. But their finest hours come when traffic is so backed up that a regular taxi or bus just won’t do – there’s something exhilarating about passing a $50,000 BMW caught in a snarl-up.
Yet while nearly everyone relies on them, motorsai have a mixed reputation. Bangkokians swap hair-raising stories of drunken or reckless drivers who should be behind bars. Most parents shudder at the idea that their daughter might bring one home (nearly all are male). Then there’s the underworld aspect: motorsai ranks are typically run by moonlighting cops or soldiers, a shady practice that former Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra tried to stamp out in 2003. He didn’t quite succeed, but he won the loyalty of drivers who were fed up with paying their bosses for protection. Most drivers originally come from northeastern Thailand, where Thaksin’s brand of economic populism made him a political rock star.
This loyalty to Thaksin, who lost power in 2006, is why motorsai drivers were so active in the Red Shirt protests that convulsed Bangkok in 2009 and 2010. As well as joining mass demonstrations, drivers used their bikes to transport supplies into protest camps, bring Red Shirt guards to the front lines and to keep tabs on troop movements. Journalists also relied on nimble motorsai to get them in and out of danger zones, particularly when the army moved in during May 2010.
Since then, some drivers have tried to steer a more neutral path through Thailand’s colour-coded politics. They prefer to be seen as orange shirts, not Red Shirts (or Yellow Shirts). Their orange vests can be valuable property. Although each numbered vest is supposed to stay with its registered owner, drivers trade or sell them, fetching prices of up to 150,000B on busy corners or in posh neighbourhoods. An average motorsai earns 400B to 500B a day. That isn’t far off the salary of an office worker, but the hours are longer and the work more hazardous. Drivers must also pay for petrol and maintain their own motorcycle.
Motorsai first became popular in the 1980s as the city spread rapidly outwards and commuters found themselves stranded far from public transport. The peculiar layout of Bangkok – narrow soi, big roads, lots of dead ends – meant that motorcycles had the edge. Like so much of Bangkok’s workings, it was an ad hoc response to a failure of central urban planning. Bangkok may be the world’s least planned yet most liveable city – and its motorsai drivers are the unsung heroes who help make it that way.
Simon Montlake, Asia-based journalist
- Although many first-time visitors are hesitant to use them, in general Bangkok’s taxis are new and comfortable and the drivers are courteous and helpful, making them an excellent way to get around.
- All taxis are required to use their meters, which start at 35B, and fares to most places within central Bangkok cost 60B to 90B. Freeway tolls – 25B to 70B depending on where you start – must be paid by the passenger.
- Taxi Radio and other 24-hour ‘phone-a-cab’ services are available for 20B above the metered fare.
- If you leave something in a taxi your best chance of getting it back (still pretty slim) is to call 1644.
App-based alternatives to the traditional taxis that operate in Bangkok:
All Thai Taxi (www.allthaitaxi.com)
Bangkok Taxi Tips
- Never agree to take a taxi that won’t use the meter; usually these drivers park outside hotels and in tourist areas. Simply get one that’s passing by instead.
- Bangkok taxi drivers will generally not try to ‘take you for a ride’ as happens in some other countries; they make more money from passenger turnover.
- It’s worth keeping in mind that many Bangkok taxi drivers are in fact seasonal labourers fresh from the countryside and may not know their way around.
- If a driver refuses to take you somewhere, it’s probably because they need to return the hired cab before a certain time, not because they don’t like how you look.
- Very few Bangkok taxi drivers speak much English, so an address written in Thai can help immensely.
- Older cabs may be less comfortable but typically have more experienced drivers because they are driver-owned, as opposed to the new cabs, which are usually hired.
- Bangkok’s iconic túk-túk (pronounced đúk đúk; a type of motorised rickshaw) are used by Thais for short hops not worth paying the taxi flagfall for. For foreigners, however, these emphysema-inducing machines are part of the Bangkok experience, so despite the fact that they overcharge outrageously and you can’t see anything due to the low roof, pretty much everyone takes a túk-túk at least once.
- Túk-túk are notorious for taking little ‘detours’ to commission-paying gem and silk shops and massage parlours. En route to ‘special’ temples, you’ll meet ‘helpful’ locals who will steer you to even more rip-off opportunities. Ignore anyone offering too-good-to-be-true 20B trips.
- The vast majority of túk-túk drivers ask too much from tourists (expat fa·ràng never use them). Expect to be quoted a 100B fare, if not more, for even the shortest trip. Try bargaining them down to about 60B for a short trip, preferably at night when the pollution (hopefully) won’t be quite so bad. Once you’ve done it, you’ll find taxis are cheaper, cleaner, cooler and quieter.
You'll notice very few Thais walking around in Bangkok, and it doesn't take long to see why: hot weather, pollution, uneven or nonexistent footpaths, footpaths clogged with vendors and motorcycles and the sheer expanse of the city make walking one of the least convenient ways to get around.
Chah chaa 'Slowly', a term you'll probably have to use with a Bangkok taxi driver at some point.
BTS Also known as the Skytrain, Bangkok's above-ground train system.
MRT Bangkok's metro system.
Motorsai The colloquial name for motorcycle taxis.
Soi A small street or sub-street.
Thanon A street.
Tollway A paid expressway.
Túk-túk Pronounced đúk đúk, it's a type of motorised rickshaw.
How to Hail a Taxi
- Look for a taxis with an illuminated red light on the dashboard.
- To hail a taxi Thai-style, stick out your arm and wave your hand, palm down.
- Don't try to cover too much ground in a day; Bangkok's heat and traffic will ensure that doing so is more of an ordeal than a holiday.
- Simply ignore any taxi driver who refuses to use the meter.
- The BTS (Skytrain) and the MRT (metro) are the fastest and most convenient ways to get around 'new' Bangkok; the Chao Phraya Express Boat is a slow but steady way to get to the older parts of town.
- Public transport is still a relatively new concept for most Thais, and they remain largely unfamiliar with Western public transport etiquette conventions; leaning against poles and failing to wait for passengers to exit the BTS/MRT before boarding are standard.
- Women should avoid sitting next to or touching monks on public transport.
- Adult Thais will often offer their seats to children; less frequently to the elderly.
- Thais consider the floor dirty and are reluctant to place bags on the floor of public transport; they will urge you not to do so as well.