A string of European explorers passed through Tabora's portals, most notably Livingstone and Stanley, who both spent many months here. Stanley estimated the population in 1871 to be about 5000 people. By the turn of the 19th century the Germans had made Tabora an administration and mission centre, and following construction of the Central Line railway Tabora became the largest town in German East Africa. It also became a regional education centre and many large schools are still located here.