Yohani Kinyala Lauwo

The first Tanzanian to scale Kilimanjaro was Yohani Kinyala Lauwo, who is still revered in his home town of Marangu. Lauwo was only 18 when he was appointed by Chief Marealle I to be the guide for Hans Meyer (the first Westerner to reach Uhuru Peak) in 1889. In those days the route was not defined, climbing equipment was rudimentary and wages were much lower. During his trek, Lauwo earned just Tsh1 per day.

Following this successful ascent, Lauwo remained in Marangu, where he spent much of the remainder of his life leading foreign trekkers up the mountain and training new guides. In 1989, at the 100th-anniversary celebration of the first ascent of Kilimanjaro, Lauwo was the only person present who had been around a century earlier; he died in 1996 at the claimed age of 125. His family still lives in Marangu.