Established in 1955 with a collection from Henan province, this is one of Taipei's best museums of Chinese art. Exhibits are small and cover the range of dynasties, but most works are masterpieces. Even the entrance corridor boasts exquisite Buddhist sculpture, including a mesmerising nine-layer stone tower with the thousand Buddhas motif. It hails from the 5th century AD.

The museum is also the site of frequent exhibitions of foreign art, which have included works by Cézanne, Picasso and, more recently, Michelangelo.